U.S. Leads Discussion on Whale Conservation
July 9, 2012
Discussion topics included disentanglement, strengthening the international moratorium on commercial whaling, ship strike avoidance and responsible whale watching, according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. NOAA led U.S. participation in the IWC meeting.
The U.S. delegation announced that they would continue working with Argentina and Brazil on capacity building and training in relation to disentanglement response. In addition, they hosted a premiere showing of the Emmy Award–winning film In the Wake of Giants about NOAA’s effort to disentangle whales caught in fishing gear in the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale Sanctuary.
Also at the IWC meeting, Greenpeace provided the U.S. delegation with almost 53,000 signatures and a letter to President Obama thanking the administration for their conservation efforts. In the letter, Greenpeace asked the president to continue efforts to strengthen the international moratorium on commercial whaling.
“We are very proud of the effort of the United States in whale conservation,” said Ryan Wulff, U.S. alternate commissioner for the IWC. “As members of the IWC, we want to lead the effort to advance our conservation agenda, and to share with other countries some of the techniques and strategies we are using in the U.S. to conserve whales.”
As a global leader in whale conservation, the United States trains other countries in disentanglement techniques, and leads the charge to help cut down on ship strikes to large whales, NOAA said. The United States has taken a number of steps to reduce the threat of ship strikes, including ship speed restrictions, closures and ship route shifts in whale birthing areas, education and outreach programs, and research and monitoring activities. Ship strikes and entanglement in fishing gear are two of the biggest threats to whales.
In its own meeting July 2–6, the International Maritime Organization’s Safety of Navigation Sub-Committee approved amendments proposed by the United States for the Santa Barbara Channel, Los Angeles/Long Beach and San Francisco traffic separation schemes. The Maritime Safety Committee plans to meet at the end of November, and the United States is hopeful they will adopt the amendments, NOAA said.
As a growing industry worldwide, whale watching stimulates jobs, education and tourism in many coastal communities. The United States leads the way in developing guidelines for responsible whale watching, and is the chair of the IWC’s whale watching working group, NOAA said.
During the IWC meeting, Wulff reported to the IWC on the U.S. effort to combat cetacean diseases, including work under the Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program. He presented information regarding U.S. study on ocean noise, including a project to map underwater sound-fields and cetacean distribution, to provide decisionmakers with information to reduce potential impacts on cetaceans. The United States also led a successful effort to establish a group to work on ocean noise issues.
“The United States looks forward to continuing its partnership with other countries on whale conservation,” Wulff said. “It is imperative that the IWC focus more of its attention on global conservation problems such as climate change, bycatch, marine debris, disentanglement, pollution and ocean noise. This is important work, and we have seen a lot of progress so far, but we intend to continue the push in this area.”
These were among the programs the United States discussed at the IWC meeting:
• Whale approach regulations and ship speed restrictions.
• Traffic separation schemes.
• A database to track whale watching.
• The WhaleALERT mobile application for mariners.
• A global partnership to look at marine debris impacts to whales.
• Continued training of Argentina and Brazil in disentanglement response.
• Acoustic studies looking at how human-made noise affects whales.