Panetta: U.S.-China Relationship One of World’s Most Critical
By Cheryl Pellerin
American Forces Press Service
May 8, 2012
This article was originally posted May 7 to the Department of Defense website.
Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta welcomed Chinese Defense Minister General Liang Guanglie to the Pentagon May 8 as part of the first U.S. visit by a Chinese defense minister in nine years.
Liang’s visit occurs at a time when the armed forces of both nations seek to expand cooperation, improve understanding, build trust and reduce differences.
“The United States and China are both Pacific powers, and our relationship is one of the most critical in the world,” Panetta said at a news conference with Liang after their meeting.
“In my meeting with General Liang, I expressed my commitment to achieving and maintaining a healthy, stable, reliable and continuous [military-to-military] relationship with China,” the secretary said, adding that at Liang’s invitation he will visit China within the next few months.
“We share many interests across the Asia-Pacific region and beyond,” Panetta added, “from humanitarian assistance to concerns about weapons of mass destruction to terrorism to drug interdictions to trade to counterpiracy.”
The nations have worked together in several areas, the secretary said, and expect to expand cooperation in areas such as peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and counterpiracy.
“As you all know,” Panetta said, “the U.S. Department of Defense recently released a new defense strategy, recognizing that no region is more important than the Asia-Pacific for our country’s future peace and prosperity.”
Liang spoke through an interpreter, describing the purpose of his visit as being “to implement the important agreement reached by President Hu Jintao and President Obama on developing the China-U.S. state-to-state and military-to-military relationship.”
As part of that agreement, the general said, both nations’ militaries will continue to take advantage of ongoing defense consultative talks, defense policy coordination talks, the Military Maritime Consultative Agreement and the defense telephone link between Washington and Beijing.
Both sides, he added, acknowledge that cooperation in security areas in the Asia-Pacific region serves each other’s fundamental interests, and that both agree to conduct joint exercises on disaster recovery and counterpiracy operations this year.
“At present, China-U.S. bilateral relationship is on a new starting line in history,” Liang said, “to build a new kind of military relationship based on equality, cooperation and mutual benefit.”
On his tour of U.S. defense facilities, Liang visited Naval Base San Diego in California over the weekend. After he leaves Washington, he will travel to Miami to visit the U.S. Southern Command and its commander, Air Force General Douglas Fraser.
There, Southcom officials will highlight opportunities for practical cooperation in areas such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and expand the conversation on nontraditional security cooperation efforts such as counternarcotics, an important part of Southcom’s mission.
May 9, Liang will visit Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, for meetings and interaction with the 2nd Marine Expeditionary Force and a chance to interact with some of the senior Marine Corps noncommissioned officers.
He also will visit Fort Benning, Georgia, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, and the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, to have lunch with cadets.
At the news conference, Panetta described several ways in which the United States and China have already worked together and will expand — including peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and counterpiracy.
“On counterpiracy,” he said, “China has ably conducted maritime operations in the Gulf of Aden for more than three years, and these operations have helped to secure the free flow of commerce in vital sea lanes from the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean.”
Thanking Liang for those efforts, the secretary said that later this year U.S. and Chinese ships will conduct a combined counterpiracy exercise in the Gulf of Aden.
Panetta said he also conveyed his appreciation to Liang for China co-chairing a group dedicated to humanitarian assistance and disaster relief on behalf of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
On regional security challenges, the two leaders discussed North Korea and other areas of mutual interest, Panetta said, “areas that require our continued cooperation and dialogue.” They also spoke about maritime areas, cyberspace, nuclear proliferation and missile defense, the secretary said.
The goal is to enhance cooperation throughout the region and with China to promote peace and stability there, Panetta said.
“We recognize that the United States and China will not always agree on every issue,” he added, “but we believe our military-to-military dialogue is critical to ensuring that we avoid dangerous misunderstandings and misperceptions that could lead to crisis.
“A positive, cooperative, comprehensive United States-China relationship is absolutely essential to achieving a secure Asia-Pacific region,” he continued, “and a more secure future for both of our nations.”